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WILLIAM VON HUMBOLDT.                  373
allied powers declared at once that they only acted in
concert in the name of Europe, and in meetings which,
were to be reported. On the 6th, already the French
ambassador complained that it was evident the four
deputies, counting the three English as one, had
received the same instructions, and that they did not
say a word without having first all agreed to it: and
this was indeed the case. After prolonged debates,
in which the terms demanded by the French varied
with the fortune of the war, the congress was broken
up on the 15th March3 without having come to any
But Napoleon's day had come. The courage of the
Silesian army and the union of the various forces,
opened the way to Paris. Napoleon was defeated, the
Bourbons returned, and on the 31st March the Em-
peror Alexander and Frederic William entered Paris.
Their ministers and diplomatists followed them on the
7th and 8th April.
Paris was not new to Humboldt; he found old
friends among Frenchmen and Germans. There was
the Count Schlabrendorf, Oelsmer, A W. Sehlegelj
Madame de Stael, B. Constant^ and many others;
but above Stll, his beloved brother, whose society must
have afforded him much delight, although the king
claimed him frequently as a guide. He also made many
new friends here, and became acquainted with most
of the political greatnesses of the day, such as Count
Miinster, Lord Castlereagh, and from this time
dates his friendship with the two celebrated Prussian
generals, Gneisenau and Blucher.
He was soon, however, wanted for business, and
first to take part .an the conferences for the first Paris
peace.    The preliminaries only were settled here, and
a congress appointed to take place in Yienn% .iwihm
the whole would be definitively arranged,    When the
Paris conferences were over, the Prince Segent^-of
England invited the monarchs and their eoOTfes'to -visit
England.    Humboldt accompanied his king, and was
received with distinction by the, Begent.    They re-